There is no escape for women from that specific time of the month. However, it is unfortunate that women barely talk about the problems they face during their periods. Discussing menstruation is considered taboo in our society; many girls are not even aware of menstruation when they hit it for the first time. Most of the time, they face anxiety and confusion while understanding the situation.
In the present era, all women are working. Along with their careers, they also have to manage family responsibilities. This has made the lives of women busier and hectic than it was before. This demanding lifestyle has made it complicated to pay attention to their health, and it has eventually disturbed the normal menstrual cycle causing severe disorders related to it.
As we know, the length of the menstruation cycle is 28 days, so if it exceeds this, it may cause some complications. These complications lead to irregular periods.
It is a common gynecological problem among women during their reproductive age. This menstrual disorder can affect women’s lives and sometimes leads to severe issues like Amenorrhea, Dysmenorrhea, Oligomenorrhea, PCOS, infertility, etc.
As per Ayurveda texts, women have to pass three phases throughout their life journey. These phases are Bala (Childhood), Rajaswala (Menstruation/Reproduction phase), and Vriddha (Old Age/Menopause). Out of these three, Rajaswala is the most extensive and crucial phase as it is the fertile period that is necessary for reproduction. If this phase is healthy, then it will give better progeny.
Symptoms of Irregular Menstrual Cycle
Generally, the duration of a women’s menstrual cycle is 28 days, and the time of the menstruation period is 4 to 7 days. The menstruation cycle can also vary from 21 to 35 days, usually. But if you are going under these symptoms, you may be suffering from an issue of the irregular menstrual cycle. The symptoms include:
- Menstruation cycle less than 21 days or more than 35 days
- Missing periods from 2-3 months or more in a row
- Menstrual bleeding occurs less than 2-3 days or more than 7 days
- The menstrual cycle occurs with abdominal cramps, nausea, breathlessness, muscular pain, or vomiting
- Bleeding or spotting happens after completion of periods, and sexual intercourse.
Causes of Irregular Menstrual cycle
In menstrual disorders, age plays an essential factor. Girls who have started menstruating at a younger age are at high risk of developing Dysmenorrhea and Oligomenorrhea conditions. Adolescents may develop Amenorrhea before their ovulation cycle. We divide the causes of irregular periods into two phases mentioned below:
Causes in Adolescents
In the competitive world, the stress of various examinations over young aged girls who just started menstruation causes irregularity of menses. This physical and mental stress causes hormonal imbalances.
Involvement in excessive physical stress, and sports activities, causes an irregular menstrual cycle. It increases the risk of Amenorrhea or Oligomenorrhea.
Eating disorders are common causes of Amenorrhea in adolescent girls. In this situation, extreme weight loss and reduced fat lead to hormonal changes that disturb the menstrual cycle.
Bad food habits
Due to wrong food habits, such as eating junk food, oily food, bakery products, and irregular meal times can cause obesity. It impacts the menstrual cycle, further driving PCOD, and metabolic disorders.
Causes in Reproductive Age
In the reproductive age group, increased incidences of advanced diseases cause menstrual abnormalities that include PCOD, uterine fibroids, Adenomyosis, Endometriosis, pelvis infections, etc. The factors affecting are:
- Wrong diet
- Overweight or weight loss
- Physical and mental stress develop menstrual disorders
- Increased or repeated use of hormonal pills
Ayurvedic Overview of Irregular Menstrual cycle
In Ayurveda, menstruation is mentioned under the heading of “Artava” and a female having a menstrual period is called “Rajaswala Stree”. Artava in the female is considered equivalent to Shukra (semen) in males.
Ayurveda encourages women to gain better health and quality of life with the help of some “Paricharyas” (care therapies) during different phases of life. These Paricharyas include Rajaswala Paricharaya (menstrual care), Garbhini Paricharya (antenatal care), and Sootika Paricharya (postnatal care). Among these, females’ most neglected Paricharya is the Rajashwala Paricharya because of lack of knowledge and lifestyle issues.
Rajaswala Paricharya helps women respond healthily to the drastic physical and mental changes during the menstrual cycle. It helps in relieving most of the issues associated with an irregular menstrual cycle. These are the principles behind Rajaswala Paricharya and their application in today’s lifestyle:
1. Switch to a Healthy Diet
The diet principles of Rajaswala Paricharya include Deepan, Paachan, Vatanulomana, and Agni Deepan. You can apply these principles in your lifestyle by eating properly, avoiding oily or junk food, and having regular mealtimes. You also need to prevent pungent (Tikshna), spicy (Katu), and salty food, along with bakery products.
2. Avoid fast running, laughing, and over talking
This includes avoiding excessive exercise, taking rest, and restoring energy during menstruation, to avoid the vitiation of Vata Dosha. You can apply the same in your lifestyle to have pain-free periods.
3. Encourage good thoughts and positivity
This principle says that you need to avoid mental stress. Towards its application, you have to keep your mind calm and relaxed as much as possible to reduce stress.
4. Sleep on Darbha (Mat) and don’t bathe
It leads to instigating good thoughts and maintaining hygiene. You will get relief from backache and body ache if you sleep on a mat. Also, don’t bathe during the menstrual periods, because it slows down the metabolism of the body. But never forget to follow basic hygiene routines and maintain the cleaning of genitalia.
5. Don’t listen to loud voices
It helps to keep your mind calm by avoiding the vitiation of Vata Dosha. So, do not listen to loud voices during your periods.
6. No Abhyanga (Massaging)
It is contraindicated in Agnimandya (low digestive fire). During periods women’s digestive fire is quite low and massaging reduces digestive fire to a severe level. So, you don’t have to follow Abhyanga (massage) during your periods.
Do’s and Don’ts
- Eat meals made up of ghee, salt, rice, milk, and yawaka (a meal made up of barley and dairy).
- Do light Yoga Asanas like Padmasana, Bhujangasana, Paschimotanassan, and Shalabhasana.
- Avoid sleeping during day time and sleep on a hard bed.
- Use of Swedan Karma (steaming), Vamana Karma (therapy to help a person vomit), and Nasya Karma (administration of drugs by nasal route) are contraindicated.
- Sexual Intercourse is contraindicated.
- Do not apply any ointments on genitals.
Ayurvedic Medicine for Irregular Menstrual Cycle
Irregular menstruation cycle causes many health problems as symptoms or as individual diseases. Every disease wants different treatment, different herbs, and different herbo-mineral formulations. Here, we have categorized the Ayurvedic medicines as per the different diseases that are caused due to irregular menstrual cycles. You can consider purchasing these Ayurvedic herbs online for regulating your periods.
During this condition, a woman’s period is said to have stopped for 90 days or more due to various reasons like pregnancy, breastfeeding, or menopause. If young women have not started menstruating by the age of 14 to 16 years, it is also considered Amenorrhea. These Ayurvedic medicines are recommended to treat this situation:
- Raja Pravartini Vati – 2 tablets twice a day with warm water
- Pushyanug Churna – 1 tsp twice a day with warm milk
- Ashokaristha – 2 tbsp thrice a day
It is a condition of painful periods, severe abdominal cramps, bloating, nausea and vomiting. Prefer these Ayurvedic medicines in this condition:
- Chandraprabha Vati – 2 tablets twice a day with warm water
- Pradrantak Rasa – 1/2 tsp once a day with warm water
- Mensta syrup – 2 tsp thrice a day
In this condition, periods occur infrequently or more than 2-3 times in a month. These Ayurvedic medicines can treat this condition:
- Evecare – 2 tablets twice a day with plain water
- Pradrantak Rasa – 1/2 tsp once a day
- Dashmoolaristha – 2 tsp twice a day
This is the condition of light period flow (less than 80ml) or a shorter span of periods than usual (less than two days). Consider the following Ayurvedic medicines to treat Hyomenorrhea:
- Raja Pravartini Vati – 2 tablets twice a day with warm water
- Tankan bhasma – 1/2 tsp once a day with warm water
- Lohasava – 2 tsp twice a day
Please find below the infographic on Herbal Remedies for Irregular Menstrual Cycle. Feel free to use this infographic but make sure to cite us at www.healthybazar.com.
According to Ayurveda, menstruation is a naturally occurring Shodhana (purification) procedure that happens monthly. Hence, it is necessary to follow Pathya (to be followed) and Apathya (not to be followed) diet, lifestyle as well medicines mentioned under the Rajaswala Paricharya. The aim of this is to avoid Vata and Kapha dosha’s vitiation. It also helps to prevent the formation of Aama (metabolic waste) and restores energy. Thus, by following Rajaswala Paricharya, women respond healthily to the physiological and psychological changes by keeping a balance of Doshas, Agni, and Bala. Rajaswala Paricharya is the best example of Nidana Parivarjana Chikitsa (prevention of diseases). By following Paricharya and medications, we can counter the adverse effects of the current lifestyle over reproduction by avoiding menstrual disorders.